COVID-19 Racial Disparities in U.S. Counties

Introduction

Discrete state and city data sources show that Black Americans may be at elevated risk for COVID-19 infection and death, but (as of April 15, 2020) the race/ethnicity of 78% of current diagnoses nationally were 'unknown'. Because alternative methods are needed to estimate the impact of COVID-19 in black communities, we compared COVID-19 cases and deaths in above average (i.e. > 13% of the population) black counties versus all other US counties. Roughly one in five counties nationally is disproportionately black and only represent 35% of the US population, but we found that these counties accounted for nearly half of COVID-19 cases and 58% of COVID-19 deaths. Structural factors including health care access, density of households, unemployment , pervasive discrimination and others drive these disparities, not intrinsic characteristics of black communities or individual-level factors. This webpage provides additional information on these counties at greater risk for COVID-19 through graphs and maps, and data are updated daily.

A pre-print version of the paper, Assessing Differential Impacts of COVID-19 on Black Communities is available for more information. This study was made possible through a collaborative effort that included:

COVID-19 Cases and Deaths by County Since First U.S. Case Detected

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7 day moving averages better visualize whether new cases and deaths are declining, rising, or flat while avoiding individual day variations. click the button above to change to these averages. Charts will update for a state of county when clicked on the map.

COVID-19 Cases
COVID-19 Deaths
Structural Factors

Comparing COVID-19 Cases by Percent of Black Population

The likelihood of COVID-19 diagnoses increase with the proportion of black residents across US counties. These data include cases reported as of April 12, 2020.

Source: Emory University as part of Assessing Differential Impacts of COVID-19 on Black Communities analysis.

Counties with Above Average Black Populations

Percent of U.S. Counties

    Percent of U.S. Population

      Trends in COVID-19 Cases Comparing Counties with Above Average Black Populations and All Other Counties

      Trends in COVID-19 Deaths Comparing Counties with Above Average Black Populations and All Other Counties

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