COVID-19 Racial and Ethnic Disparities in U.S. Counties

Introduction

Since early in the epidemic, there has been evidence that Black and Latinx Americans were disproportionately at risk for COVID-19 infection and death. 7 months into the epidemic in the United States, however, data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on race/ethnicity are mostly unknown. For cases, race/ethnicity is known for only 37% of cases (1,426,351 out of 3,882,167 total reported cases) (July 22, 2020). For deaths, data are available for 66% of reported deaths (93,560 of 141,677). Structural factors including health care access, density of households, unemployment and types of employment, pervasive discrimination and others drive these disparities, not intrinsic characteristics of black or Latinx communities or individual-level factors. Because alternative methods are needed to estimate the impact of COVID-19 in black and Latinx communities, comparisons of COVID-19 cases and deaths in above average black (> 13% of the population) and Latinx (> 17.8% of the population) counties versus all other US counties. This webpage provides additional information on these counties at greater risk for COVID-19 through graphs and maps, and data are updated daily.

Two peer-reviewed papers have been published in the Annals of Epidemiology by teams of researchers on the disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on these communities:

Assessing Differential Impacts of COVID-19 on Black Communities.
This study was made possible through a collaborative effort that included:
Risk for COVID-19 infection and death among Latinos in the United States: Examining heterogeneity in transmission dynamics.
This study was made possible through a collaborative effort that included:

COVID-19 Cases and Deaths by County Since First U.S. Case Detected

Demographic Selection

This page can be sorted to assess data by the demographic profiles below. In each assessment, counties are divided as having and above or below average proportion by race or ethnicity based on the national average.

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7 day moving averages better visualize whether new cases and deaths are declining, rising, or flat while avoiding individual day variations. click the button above to change to these averages. Charts will update for a state of county when clicked on the map.

COVID-19 Cases
COVID-19 Deaths
Structural Factors

Counties with Above Average Black Populations

Percent of U.S. Counties

    Percent of U.S. Population

      COVID-19 7-Day Moving Average of Cases per 100,000 Population by U.S. Census Region

      Midwest

      Northeast

      South

      West

      About the Indicator

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