Discrete state and city data sources show that Black Americans may be at elevated risk for COVID-19 infection and death, but (as of April 15, 2020) the race/ethnicity of 78% of current diagnoses nationally were 'unknown'. Because alternative methods are needed to estimate the impact of COVID-19 in black communities, we compared COVID-19 cases and deaths in above average (i.e. > 13% of the population) black counties versus all other US counties. Roughly one in five counties nationally is disproportionately black and only represent 35% of the US population, but we found that these counties accounted for nearly half of COVID-19 cases and 58% of COVID-19 deaths. Structural factors including health care access, density of households, unemployment , pervasive discrimination and others drive these disparities, not intrinsic characteristics of black communities or individual-level factors. This webpage provides additional information on these counties at greater risk for COVID-19 through graphs and maps, and data are updated daily.
A pre-print version of the paper, Assessing Differential Impacts of COVID-19 on Black Communities is available for more information. This study was made possible through a collaborative effort that included:
- Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia
- Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
- Center for Vaccine Innovation and Access, PATH, Seattle, Washington
- John D. Bower School of Population Health, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi
- O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, Georgetown University, District of Columbia
- Public Policy Office, amfAR, Foundation for AIDS Research, District of Columbia
COVID-19 Cases and Deaths by County Since First U.S. Case Detected
Find County by Zipcode
COVID-19 Racial Disparities in U.S. Counties
7 day moving averages better visualize whether new cases and deaths are declining, rising, or flat while avoiding individual day variations. click the button above to change to these averages. Charts will update for a state of county when clicked on the map.COVID-19 Cases COVID-19 Deaths Structural Factors
Comparing COVID-19 Cases by Percent of Black Population
The likelihood of COVID-19 diagnoses increase with the proportion of black residents across US counties. These data include cases reported as of April 12, 2020.
Source: Emory University as part of Assessing Differential Impacts of COVID-19 on Black Communities analysis.